5月3日は何の日? | What day is May 3rd?

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Today is Constitution Memorial Day. However, I do not know much about the constitution.


While it may be a topic to discuss whether one is in favor of protecting or amending the constitution, I choose not to touch on political or religious matters that may have varying opinions. While I have my own thoughts on the matter, I do not want to be labeled as right or left. I have never been involved in politics or religion since birth, so I will not write about these things.


I understand that the Japanese Constitution has a preamble and consists of general rules up to around 10 clauses, followed by human rights from clauses 10 to 40, and administration rules from about 40 to around 100.


It is common sense that the constitution is the highest law above other laws. Therefore, laws that violate the constitution are unconstitutional and need to be amended. Even if the constitution is amended in the future to create stronger protections for human rights than now, I seriously hope that it will not become more relaxed.


More than 70 years have passed since the current constitution was established, and since then, many technologies have been developed that make it easier to violate human rights compared to before. In reality, I think that there are quite a few cases where privacy is being violated.


Basic human rights, such as privacy, freedom of expression, and freedom of thought and conscience, are protected by the constitution. Even if there are no specific laws concerning these rights, violations of privacy and human rights that contradict the constitution are considered crimes.


To be more specific, there was a case where a husband who suspected his wife of infidelity was convicted of a crime for installing a hidden camera in their home. Even if it is within the family, monitoring someone without their consent is a crime.


It is also a crime even if it is on a public road and not in the home. In another case, a police officer was convicted of violating privacy for taking photographs of a general citizen on a public road.


Furthermore, even if someone consents to an unconstitutional act, it is still a crime. For example, violating someone’s privacy is a violation of their basic human rights and cannot be allowed even if the person agrees to it. It is a crime. It can also be understood that if someone says it is okay to kill them, killing them would still be a crime.


Nowadays, many technologies have developed that were not available before. With just three satellites, GPS can locate anyone in the world. Satellites can also take pictures from space that can read newspapers on the ground. This technology has been developed for over a decade.


Generally, crimes are subject to local jurisdiction, so even if a foreigner commits a crime in Japan or overseas, the laws of the place where the crime was committed should apply.


I will not go into too much detail, but I am concerned about the possibility of further violations of privacy and basic human rights in the future. I sincerely hope that at least the freedom of privacy, freedom of thought and conscience, and freedom of expression will be strongly protected. I fear that failing to protect these rights will make it even more difficult for future generations to live in this world.


Any act that seeks to limit the speech or thoughts of others is a violation of the constitution and a criminal act. The same goes for the violation of privacy. Finally, I would like to reiterate that even if the constitution is amended, I strongly hope that it will be changed to strengthen and protect our basic human rights.

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